Innovate Engineering Solutions, LLC

2214 N. Patterson Street

Valdosta, GA  31602

(229) 249-9113

Definition of a Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment (Phase I ESA)

A phase I ESA inspection is often required by lending institutions and is an integral part to many industrial and commercial real estate transactions.  Put in simple terms, a Phase I ESA consists of document research and review, along with a site visit to determine if further investigation is advised from an environmental stand point.  Local government documents are reviewed to determine prior use of the land as well as surrounding areas.  It also entails a very detailed site visit and analysis by a qualified professional.  Finally a report is generated documenting the results of the research and site visit.


Phase II or III Environmental Site Assessment


There are two other aspects to a Phase 1 that may come into play depending on what is found during the Phase 1 inspection and research. These are Phase 2 and Phase 3. As you might assume Phase 2 and Phase 3 are the more involved aspects of the environmental field. Phase 2 involves testing of the site such as coring into the earth and taking samples of the soil along with testing it to determine what is in the soil. The information during a Phase 2 will determine if the site warrants further investigation and/or to be remediated. If remediation is needed this is Phase 3.

From Wikipedia: 

"A Phase I Environmental Site Assessment is a report prepared for a real estate holding which identifies potential or existing environmental contamination liabilities. The analysis, often called a Phase I ESA, typically addresses both the underlying land as well as physical improvements to the property; however, techniques applied in a Phase I ESA never include actual collection of physical samples or chemical analyses of any kind. Scrutiny of the land includes examination of potential soil contamination, groundwater quality, surface water quality and sometimes issues related to hazardous substance uptake by biota. The examination of a site may include: definition of any chemical residues within structures; identification of possible asbestos containing building materials; inventory of hazardous substances stored or used on site; assessment of mold and mildew; and evaluation of other indoor air quality parameters[1].

Actual sampling of soil, air, groundwater and/or building materials is typically not conducted during a Phase I ESA. The Phase I ESA is generally considered the first step in the process of environmental Due Diligence."

Innovate Engineering will be happy to assist you with all of your environmental assessment needs.  Please give us or call or email:   Bill Kent, PE